Ultrasonic Testing is an NDT method applied to detect internal flaws in materials, components and structures.
The ultrasonic waves travel through the material with some loss of energy (attenuation) due to material characteristics. The intensity of ultrasonic waves is measured, after reflection at interfaces (or flaw) or is measured at the opposite surface of the specimen (through transmission).
The reflected beam is detected and analysed to define the presence and location of flaws. The degree of reflection depends largely on the physical state of matter on the opposite side of the interface, and to a lesser extent on specific physical properties of that matter. For instance, ultrasonic waves are almost completely reflected at metal-gas interfaces, partial reflection occurs at metal-liquid or metal-solid interfaces.
Ultrasonic testing has a superior penetrating power than radiography testing and can detect flaws deep (up to 5metre of steel) in the test objects. UT is quite sensitive to small flaws and allows the precise determination of the location and size of the discontinuities. Ultrasonic testing is commonly used to measure reduction in thickness of pipes, vessels, inspecting castings, rolled bars, plates, forgings, thin sheets, extruded components, drawn components, welds and other components.
Graviteq is equipped with:
State of the Art Ultrasonic flaw detection equipment with built-in DGS curves, AVG, AWS flaw sizing techniques for welds
Transducers suitable for critical inspections, most sensitive, high temperature and high attenuative materials inspection applications
Ultrasonic inspection professionals qualified and certified to Level I, II as per AINDT and PCN regulations.